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疫症肆虐 學生開發區塊鏈投票程式

國際的新冠肺炎疫情持續惡化,各國政府皆不鼓勵甚至禁止多人聚會。疫情嚴重影響投票,美國總統初選和法國市長選舉的投票率因此創新低,部分地區甚至延後投票。即使開放網上投票,安全性和準確性也備受質疑。有學生利用區塊鏈透明、可追溯和不可篡改等的特性,帶來了全新的數字投票方法,不但使投票不再受環境影響,還能防止造假和黑箱作業。

根據Cointelegraph報導,馬爾他大學的碩士課程學生開發出去中心化的區塊鏈投票應用程式,且會在即將舉行的學生代表選舉中使用。此應用亦成為英國跨國電信公司沃達豐上首個區塊鏈專案,於其分散式數字身份平臺上運作。透過區塊鏈及智慧合約技術,投票便能透明及公正地進行。

一些國家亦開始嘗試採用區塊鏈技術投票。南韓於2019年2月與臺灣團隊ioeX合作,建構區塊鏈投票系統。根據Decrpt報導,首爾政府計畫於2020年3月1日啟動「區塊鏈投票系統」,以區塊鏈驗證市民身份,防止重複投票,市民亦能得知透明的投票結果,防止黑箱作業。

根據Cointelegraph報導,美國西維吉尼亞州於2018年5月8日透過政府支持的區塊鏈投票,使用了投票程式Voatz開發的區塊鏈投票系統完成了期中選舉。系統只開放給常駐國外的軍人及選民使用,提高了投票匿名性,亦減少了投票成本。

瑞士的楚格市因早已接受使用加密貨幣進行交易而被稱為「加密穀」,在區塊鏈投票應用方面亦不輸其他國家。早在2018年6月,楚格便宣佈試行區塊鏈投票系統,結合2017年11月建立的數位身份系統,市民可方便地使用手機應用程式uPort進行區塊鏈投票,提升選舉透明度。

相信區塊鏈投票只是一個里程碑,區塊鏈將更貼近市民生活,成為一大助力。

在〈疫症肆虐 學生開發區塊鏈投票程式〉中有 124 則留言

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